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Sustainable Destination Management

Strategies in the OIC Member Countries


Definition and Classification of Multi-Destination Tourism Corridors (MDTCs)

The concept of Tourism Corridors is described as “an approach to tourism that offers travelers

the opportunity to visit a variety of built and natural attractions along a themed route.”


As the

focus of this report is MDT, a Multi-Destination Tourism Corridor (MDTC), in the scope of this

report, is referred to as a route defined by a theme covering more than one country. MDTCs can

be classified according to several criteria, including theme, design, historical origin, territorial

coverage, and formality. The following figure illustrates the proposed classification adopted in

this report.

Figure 8: Classification of Tourism Corridors

Source: DinarStandard Analysis

From a thematic perspective, corridors can be classified into cultural or natural heritage

corridors. Cultural corridors are based on historical, cultural, spiritual, and economic ties that

are part of the “collective memory” of society.


They may combine various elements, including

religion, cultural traditions, gastronomy, art, and architecture, such as the Camino de Santiago,

or may focus on a single element such as the cave art route focusing on prehistoric art.


Cultural corridors can be formed on the basis of religious heritage such as Santiago de

Compostela Route, arts and architecture such as the Transromanica Route, famous

personalities’ lives, and activities such as Destination Napoleon and the Mozart Ways, and the

movement of people such as the Phoenicians’ Route.


Natural corridors are based on natural resources, such as landscapes, plants, and wildlife,

which are underdeveloped to a certain extent. Natural corridors can combine various elements,

including experiencing adventure, natural landscape and wildlife, and educational and

conservation nature-related tourism activities.


An example of nature-based corridors is the

Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park, the largest conservation area in Africa, consisting of

Limpopo National Park of Mozambique, Kruger National Park of South Africa, and Gonarezhou


Prideaux, B and Cooper, C. 2002. Marketing and destination growth: A symbiotic relationship or simple coincidence?

Journal of Vacation Marketing 9(1): 35-51.


Valkova Shishmanova, Maria. 2015. Cultural Tourism in Cultural Corridors, Itineraries, Areas and Cores Networked.

Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 188: 246 – 254.


UNWTO Global Report on Public-Private Partnerships: Tourism Development


ROUTES4U. 2018. Feasibility Study: The Cultural Routes of the Council of Europe and the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR).


Hamzah, A. and Ismail, H. N. 2008. A design of Nature-Culture Based Tourism Corridor; A Pilot Project at Kelantan Darul

Naim. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.