Sustainable Destination Management
Strategies in the OIC Member Countries
The Silk Road demonstrates a less hierarchical structure in comparison with the GMS TC. As
the following figure illustrates, UNWTO leads the efforts in providing a platform for
coordination and alliance building as well as fundraising for the corridor with other UN
agencies, such as UNESCO and UNDP, providing support for the various Silk Road initiatives.
The Silk Road Task Force, which includes representatives from the National Tourism
Organizations and the tourism businesses of Silk Road countries, formulate strategies and
prescribe actions while Silk Road member bodies collaborate on Silk Road activities as well as
implement local action plans and strategies.
Figure 4: Silk Road Governance Structure
Source: UNWTO (2014)
Best practices from global MDTCs show efforts at travel facilitation,
whether through the provision of unified visas, as in the case of the Schengen visa, or facilitating
entry requirements and entry procedures, as in the case of the Global Entry and Nexus
Programs. While there are some initiatives for cooperation in travel facilitation in the matter
of some of the existing OIC MDTCs, there is still a long way to go to ease restrictions within
existing travel corridors. There were many talks regarding unified visas for several tourism
corridors; however, only the three countries of the East Africa Northern Corridor have this
Table 5: Enabling Legislation - Best Practices versus OIC Examples
Europe’s Schengen visa facilitating travel between country members of
European TCs and revised Schengen visa regulations facilitating procedures for
a short-stay tourist visa.
Facilitation of entry procedures using Trusted Traveler Programs, such as the
United States’ Global Entry and Nexus Programs.
With the notable exception of the three East Africa Northern Corridor
countries, no OIC TC has a unified visa.
88% of the global population needs a visa before traveling to Silk Road
countries. Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan working on developing a unified Silk
Road visa for Central Asian countries.