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Sustainable Destination Management

Strategies in the OIC Member Countries


The Silk Road shows a less hierarchical structure in comparison with the GMS TC. As the

following figure illustrates, UNWTO leads the efforts in providing a platform for coordination

and alliance building as well as fundraising for the corridor with other UN agencies, such as

UNESCO and UNDP, delivering support for the various Silk Road initiatives. The Silk Road Task

Force, which includes representatives from the National Tourism Organizations and the

tourism businesses of the Silk Road countries, formulates strategies and prescribes actions,

while Silk Road member bodies collaborate on Silk Road activities as well as implement local

action plans and strategies.

Figure 44: Silk Road Governance Structure

Source: UNWTO (2014)

Enabling Legislation

Best practices from global MDTCs show efforts towards travel facilitation, whether through the

provision of unified visas, as in the case of the Schengen visa, or by facilitating entry

requirements and entry procedures, as in the case of the Global Entry and Nexus Programs.

While there are initiatives for cooperation in travel facilitation in the case of some of the

existing OIC MDTCs, there is still a long way to go in easing restrictions within existing travel

corridors. There have been many talks regarding unified visas for a number of tourism

corridors. However, only the three countries of the East Africa Northern Corridor currently

have this.

Table 24: Enabling Legislation - Best Practices versus OIC Examples




Europe’s Schengen visa facilitating travel between member countries of

European TCs and revised Schengen visa regulations facilitating

procedures for


short-stay tourist visa.


Facilitation of entry procedures using Trusted Traveler Programs, such

as the United States’ Global Entry and Nexus Programs.



With the notable exception of the three East Africa Northern Corridor

countries, no OIC TC has a unified visa.


88% of the global population needs a visa to travel to Silk Road

countries. Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan are working on developing a

unified Silk Road visa for Central Asian countries.

Monitoring Performance

Best practices from global corridors show efforts towards a comprehensive performance

evaluation with European cultural routes using the European Tourism Indicators System,