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Planning of National Transport Infrastructure

In the Islamic Countries


Executive Summary

Transport accounts for between 2% and 11% of GDP worldwide and is one of the prime

economic sectors. It affects the price of goods, the cost of labour, and the general wellbeing of

society. The efficient management of the transport sector by government therefore needs to be

addressed appropriately. The importance of transport infrastructure development should not

be underestimated and better planning is naturally the first step to achieve a better performance

of the transportation system, which will in turn contribute to the economic and social

development of the nations.

Objectives of the Study

This Study aims at identifying the basic concepts and steps of the NTI planning and factors

affecting their success, investigating the major and successful planning practices regarding NTI

outside the OIC geography, analysing the current NTI planning practices and proposing

recommendations for better practices in OIC Member States. The literature review and analyses

conducted for this study are based on a framework of seven subject areas, in order to better

understand the lessons learned from the best practices, and at the same time to identify the main

challenges faced by the OIC Member States in practicing their NTI planning. The seven areas of

the framework, which were used as a basis for the entire report, are: (1) political and legislation

factors, (2) institutional and organizational factors, (3) technical factors, (4) procedural factors

and financing, (5) content of NTI planning, (6) data collection method, and (7) monitoring and

evaluation system. An in-depth investigation of these framework areas is carried out for NTI

planning practices outside and within the OIC geography.

NTI planning practices in OIC geography

The general situation of NTI planning practices in the OIC Member States for each of the seven

framework areas is outlined as follows:

Framework area

Aspects of analysis

1. Political and legislation

The Asian countries tend to not having a long-term national

transport master plan (NTMP), but they seem to perform better

than their African and the Middle Eastern counterparts who have

an NTMP. The NTI planning in Asia is included in a medium-term

plan that covers all types of infrastructure, not only transport.

A national transport policy is mostly absent. A policy provides an

opportunity for structured stakeholder and transport user

engagement to discuss a wide range of issues in the dynamic and

rapidly changing transport sector.

2. Institutional and


An institutional gap between the national and regional

governments is very common.

Transport planning agencies are sometimes not multidisciplinary

and cross sectoral. They also do not really have adequate capacity

to prepare plans relying totally on outsourcing.

3. Technical factors

Most of the NTI plans focus more on road and rail infrastructure

with no attention to non-motorised transport.